Critical Thinking Rubric 2*
(Focus on Analysis, Modeling, & Application)
5. Master Thinker
- Develops new analysis tools or techniques that can be generalized to many empirical fields.
- Generalizes models and theories to improve their operational value across fields.
- Creates new methods for reducing bias and error across empirical research fields.
- Able to apply highly generalized criteria to avoid biased conclusions about the value of evidence and inferences.
- Researches new data analysis methods to establish their validity and range of applicability.
4. Advanced Thinker
- Skillfully uses available analysis methods to draw out inferences useful in guiding further research.
- Skillfully selects appropriate research models and designs useful in specific fields.
- Skillfully applies research designs that will predictably reduce bias and error.
- Skillfully selects and uses valid methods for assessing strength of evidence and accuracy of logic in drawing inferences.
- Skillfully selects and uses valid methods of data analysis across many contexts.
3. Practicing Thinker
- Effectively applies specific techniques that are recommended for analyzing current knowledge for gaps that suggest needed research.
- Writes operational hypothesis statements that are focused on interaction of key variables.
- Demonstrates consistency in using recommended methods for reducing bias and error.
- Assesses the strength of evidence and logic of inferences using recommended methods.
- Flexibly applies data analysis methods for familiar decision or judgment contexts.
2. Beginning Thinker
- Summarizes, but can't systematically analyze, the current state of knowledge in an area of interest.
- Imitates recommended models for writing operational hypothesis statements.
- Aware of techniques for reducing bias and error, but inconsistently applies those known.
- Recognizes the need to assess strength and logic of evidence, but does so inconsistently.
- Imitates data analysis methods accurately but is unable to select methods independently.
1. Egocentric Thinker
- Assumes published materials are equally true in the sense of presenting different facts about reality.
- Rarely distinguishes independent from dependent variables in published reports.
- Demonstrates limited awareness of major sources of bias and error in empirical research.
- Uses the "method of authority" with limited awareness of the need to assess the strength or validity of evidence and inferences.
- Unable to independently analyze data.
*Based, in part, on aspects of critical thinking presented in Diane S. Halpern (1996). Thought & knowledge: An introduction to critical thinking (3rd ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
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